Have you ever wondered what works for the hard drive to complete it when you make a data release? Today, our hard drives can store giant size data, their own holding capacity is extensive, and with itself can boost errors and boost performance.

Hard drives are usually organized by a typical computer file system – the operating system automatically installs on your system.  And you may also see the FAT, NTFS file system options in the memory card or the hard drive format option, and maybe you have questions in mind, “What are these? What’s the difference between them?

This is an Ultimate Guide to Difference Computer File Systems.

File Allocation Table/FAT

The most popular and most widely used computer file system in the computing world is FAT – its full name is File Allocation Table and it is a file system that is developed by Microsoft. It’s been a long time since the file system came in and there are some updates such as Fat 16 and Fat 32. However, we know this system as FAT.
Among the major file systems, FAT is the simplest system and almost all operating systems in the world have the ability to read this file system. It is basically just a list of files based on list-based files. However, this system does not have the power to fix any files on the hard drive. The biggest disadvantage of FAT is that this format can only save one file up to 4 GB. Fat cannot handle it if the size of a file is more than 4 GB. This format is not used today on the hard drive, but this file system format is still used in the memory card or flash drives/pen drives. It is absolutely straightforward to format any drive on this file system. Fat 32 was especially used in older versions of Windows operating systems. For example, Windows 95, 98 etc.

New Technology File System

New Technology File System or NTFS is another computer file system manufactured by Microsoft – that was created by targeting Next Generation. Its composition is complex and it is only used for Microsoft’s operating system (i.e.: Windows) and it comes first with us in Windows XP. It is also called the “Journaling” file system because it records the records of all the operations of its own device. And these operation records help to find an error and to recover them. Moreover, it can also recover problems of power freely and drive failer etc.
One of the best advantages of this is that the 16-terabyte size file can also be stored on this system; With this Maxim supports up to 256 Terabytes of storage. Although this system is not as universal as the formatted fat, Major Operating Systems can read it.

This file system is primarily used for hard drives, but it can also be formatted on removable media storage.
However, if your phone’s memory card is formatted with NTFS, your phone may not support it.

However, it is better not to use removable media storage, this computer file system has a lot of writes in the storage to keep the operation record, and it can also result in removable media storage.


The HFS + file system has been specially developed by Apple to use them on Macintosh computers. It is designed to formulate similarities to the NTFS in order to distribute the files, but these two file systems are not coherent.
This file system can support up to 10 million terabytes as a file and Maxim storage. It is certainly a journaling file system, so if any error occurs, it becomes easier to fix it.
Unfortunately, Windows operating system cannot use this file system format, but Mac OS and Linux have the ability to use it.


EXT4 (ext4) is a widely used file system based on Linux-based operating systems. It is basically a version of the old version EXT2 and EXT3-where its performance has improved using some complex techniques. It’s also a journaling file system, that’s all we know.

It cannot be used in removable storage, but storage may be corrupted, but it is certainly applicable to hard drives.
It supports a file size of 16 table space and storage size up to 1 XB. This is not for the Windows operating system, but using a program called Ext2Read, Windows users can at least redeem this file system format.


ZFX is primarily an enterprise level computer file system format. It is used in more interactive work from home. Especially in server storage, it is used, where there are millions of user data stored together. Moreover, it is also known for performance. It supports up to 16 XB as a file size and full storage size. It is mainly supported by Mac server, Linux, and small UNIX operating systems.


This is the main major file system format but not for everyone and for all purposes. Everyone has some seriousness and limitations but is dependent on user and use. From this article, at least you got to know about different file systems and their work, and obviously, the fat or NTFS is what things are. So you use a file system format most of the time?